Recent Advancements in Neuroscience
The recent advancements in neuroscience are impressive and ever changing.
What exactly is neuroscience? “… a multidisciplinary science that is concerned with the study of the structure and function of the nervous system. It encompasses the evolution, development, cellular and molecular biology, physiology, anatomy, and pharmacology of the nervous system, as well as computational, behavioral and cognitive neuroscience.”
And in 2021 there have been many new advancements to share, for example, TheScientist.com reports one big breakthrough is “Brain-Computer Interface User Types 90 Characters Per Minute with Mind.”
The article, in summary, says it is, “The experimental system, developed and tested in just one patient so far, relies on brain signals associated with handwriting to achieve the fastest communication yet seen with a brain-computer interface.”
The report says another key advancement is, “Brain’s Lymphatic System Tied to Alzheimer’s Symptoms in Mice.”
In summary, this “is the dysfunctional lymphatic system, described as clogging of the brain’s sink, may explain why immunotherapies fail in some Alzheimer’s patients.”
Then there’s the Neuroscience of Motherhood as reported by The Scientist Creative Services Team on Apr 27, 2021, Robert Froemke and Liisa Galea.
They discuss the neurological changes that occur during motherhood and the various effects on behavior and brain health, an important read for mothers.
On ScienceDaily.com, a report talks about new insight and findings into protein production in the brain that may help fight dementia.
The University of London says in its summary: “Scientists have revealed a layer of genetic material involved in controlling the production of tau; a protein which plays a critical role in serious degenerative conditions, such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease.”
Also, the report says international research, “conducted in mice and cells, found material is part of a larger family of non-coding genes* which control and regulate other similar brain proteins, such as beta-amyloid associated with Alzheimer’s and alpha-synuclein implicated in Parkinson’s disease and Lewy body dementia.”
Researchers say these findings, published in Nature, offer new insight into how proteins linked to neurological conditions are made, controlled, and could offer new treatments for various dementia-related diseases.
Also on ScienceDaily.com, an article, centering on cognitive exercises that may assist young kids to boost their math skills, by the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, on May 20, 2021 shows, “Young children who practice visual working memory and reasoning tasks improve their math skills more than children who focus on spatial rotation exercises, according to a large study. The findings support the notion that training spatial cognition can enhance academic performance and that when it comes to math, the type of training matters.”
Additionally, the findings support that possible training spatial cognition may enhance academic performance in math. The study is published in the journal Nature Human Behaviour.
Lastly, a report called, “Robotic ‘Third Thumb’ use can alter brain representation of the hand, and reported in the publication on May 20, 2021, from the University College London, summarizes how utilizing a robotic ‘Third Thumb’ can impact how the hand is represented in the brain.
“The team trained people to use a robotic extra thumb and found they could effectively carry out dexterous tasks, like building a tower of blocks, with one hand (now with two thumbs). The researchers report in the journal Science Robotics that participants trained to use the thumb also increasingly felt like it was a part of their body,” the article summarized.
Clearly, these important advancements from these talented researchers in neuroscience bring new light to the field and are helping people the world over.